Although both males and females develop Adam's apples, they tend to be more prominent in males. This is because the male larynx generally grows bigger and faster during puberty. A larger larynx explains why males tend to have deeper and louder voices than females.
The Adam’s apple is to protect your voice box from injury. Apart from that, an Adam's apple has no known function. Many researchers believe that a larger Adam's apple plays a role in voice deepening and maturation.
When one touches the Adam's apple and it hurts when touched, the cause of painful of Adam's apple is a usually a sore throat. Other sources might include tension or stress on the muscles that surround the area, which might result from a sporting injury. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK535354/.
Conditions or disorders that affect the Adam’s apple?
It is possible to develop pain in your Adam’s apple. This can result from:
Inflammation of your esophagus (esophagitis).
Candida esophagitis (thrush in your esophagus).